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Tunisian Republic

National name: Al-Jumhuriyah at-Tunisiyah

Current government officials

Languages: Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)

Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Religions: Islam (Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha"i) 1%

Literacy rate: 79.1% (2010 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $108.4 billion; per capita $9,900. Real growth rate: 2.8%. Inflation: 6.1%. Unemployment: 17.2%. Arable land: 17.35%. Agriculture: olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products. Labor force: 3.974 million (2013 est.); services 49.8%, industry 31.9%, agriculture 18.3% (2009 est.). Industries: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages. Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt. Exports: $17.46 billion (2013 est.): clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment. Imports: $24.95 billion (2013 est.): textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Libya, China, Algeria, U.S. (2012).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.105 million (2012); mobile cellular: 12.84 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: broadcast media is mainly government-controlled; the state-run Tunisian Radio and Television Establishment (ERTT) operates 2 national TV networks, several national radio networks, and a number of regional radio stations; 1 TV and 3 radio stations are privately-owned and report domestic news stories directly from the official Tunisian news agency; the state retains control of broadcast facilities and transmitters through L"Office National de la Telediffusion; Tunisians also have access to Egyptian, pan-Arab, and European satellite TV channels (2007). Radios: 2.06 million (1997).

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