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Black Facts for July 27th

1991 - Earl Campbell

Earl Christian Campbell is a professional American football player who played for the Houston Oilers and the New Orleans Saints. He was born on March 29, 1955 in Tyler, Texas. He was the sixth of eleven children in his family. Their father died when he was very young. He began playing football at the age of 11, first as a linebacker and then as running back. He attended John Tyler High School whom he led to the largest championships (the Texas 4A State Championship).

After high school, he attended University of Texas at Austin, where  he won the Heisman Trophy in 1977. There he also received the Davey O’Brien Memorial Trophy which was awarded to the most outstanding player in the Southwest Conference. He was chosen to the 1977 College Football All-America team by consensus and was also chosen to the First-team All-America by the AFCA in 1975. He was also selected as the Southwest Conference “running back of the year” each year at college, as well as being a member of the Texas Cowboys.

Earl Campbell was nicknamed “The Tyler Rose”. In the 1978 NFL Draft, he was selected by the Houston Oilers, who signed him on for a six year contract for $1.4 million. His first year on the team, he was named the “Offensive Rookie of the Year” by the Associated Press and the “Offensive Player of the Year” by the National Football League. He helped his team out of a slump and improved their win-loss record considerably. He was noted for his athletic ability, mainly his speed and power. His best performance with the NFL was in the year 1980, in which he ran for 1,934 yards which included four 200-yard runs including his personal best record of 206 yards in a game against the Chicago Bears.

In 1984, Campbell was traded to the New Orleans Saints. His former coach from the Oilers, O.A. Phillips was then the coach of the Saints so Campbell had no trouble adjusting. He only spent two more years playing with the Saints, before retiring officially in the preseason of 1986. The decision to transfer him had been controversial as many people

1946 - Scott, David (1946- )

David Scott represents Georgia’s 13th district in the U.S. House of Representatives. The 13th district includes portions of Cobb, Clayton, Douglas, Fulton, Henry, and DeKalb counties.

The son of a minister, Scott was born in Aynor, South Carolina, on July 27, 1946. He attended elementary school in Scranton, Pennsylvania, junior high in Scarsdale, New York, and high school in Daytona, Florida. In 1967 he received his B.A. degree in finance with honors from the University of Pennsylvania and his M.B.A. with honors from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Finance in 1969. Scott founded Dayn-Mark Advertising in 1978 in Atlanta, Georgia, which is currently run by his wife Alfredia Scott.

David Scott was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1974 and served as a member until 1982. He then served in the Georgia Senate from 1983 until his successful election bid for Congress in 2002.

Scott is currently a member of the Financial Services Committee, the Capital Markets and Financial Institutions Subcommittees, the Foreign Affairs Committee, and the Agriculture Committee. He is also the co-chairman of the Democratic Group on National Security. He has sponsored several bills in Congress, including the Moment of Silence Act, which allows for a moment of silence for reflection and prayer in public schools, the Access to Healthcare Insurance Act, which extends affordable healthcare coverage, and the Financial Literacy Act, which provides educational information to home buyers and investors. Scott is a member of the Blue Dog Coalition, a group of moderate to conservative Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1985 - Uganda

Uganda, twice the size of Pennsylvania, is in East Africa. It is bordered on the west by Congo, on the north by the Sudan, on the east by Kenya, and on the south by Tanzania and Rwanda. The country, which lies across the equator, is divided into three main areas—swampy lowlands, a fertile plateau with wooded hills, and a desert region. Lake Victoria forms part of the southern border.

Multiparty democractic republic.

About 500 B.C. Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to the area now called Uganda. By the 14th century, three kingdoms dominated, Buganda (meaning state of the Gandas), Bunyoro, and Ankole. Uganda was first explored by Europeans as well as Arab traders in 1844. An Anglo-German agreement of 1890 declared it to be in the British sphere of influence in Africa, and the Imperial British East Africa Company was chartered to develop the area. The company did not prosper financially, and in 1894 a British protectorate was proclaimed. Few Europeans permanently settled in Uganda, but it attracted many Indians, who became important players in Ugandan commerce.

Uganda became independent on Oct. 9, 1962. Sir Edward Mutesa, the king of Buganda (Mutesa II), was elected the first president, and Milton Obote the first prime minister, of the newly independent country. With the help of a young army officer, Col. Idi Amin, Prime Minister Obote seized control of the government from President Mutesa four years later.

On Jan. 25, 1971, Colonel Amin deposed President Obote. Obote went into exile in Tanzania. Amin expelled Asian residents and launched a reign of terror against Ugandan opponents, torturing and killing tens of thousands. In 1976, he had himself proclaimed President for Life. In 1977, Amnesty International estimated that 300,000 may have died under his rule, including church leaders and recalcitrant cabinet ministers.

After Amin held military exercises on the Tanzanian border in 1978, angering Tanzanias president, Julius Nyerere, a combined force of Tanzanian troops and Ugandan exiles loyal to former president