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Black Facts for September 25th

1952 - Bell Hooks

Bell Hooks is a pen name of a renowned African-American author, Gloria Jean Watkins. She also took part in social activism and supports feminism. The central focus of her writing is interconnectivity of race, capitalism, and gender. She also explains the influence of these elements to promote system of oppression and inequality. Till now she is credited with publishing over 30 books.

Gloria Jean Watkins was born on September 25, 1952 in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. She belonged to a working class family in which her mother was a homemaker and her father, a custodian. Since early childhood, Hooks developed a keen interest in reading books. She received her early education in a racially segregated public school. She talked about the problems she faced when she was transferred to the integrated school, in her books. After graduating from Hopkinsville High School, she went on to study at Stanford University and majored in English in 1973. Then she attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison where she earned a Masters in English Literature degree.

Subsequent to her post-graduation, Hooks stepped into teaching career and began to write. Alongside, she also continued to work on her doctorate program with a dissertation on twentieth century author Toni Morrison and eventually completed it from the University of California. In 1976, Hooks accepted the lectureship at the University of Southern California as English professor and Ethnic studies lecturer. During her tenure, she began to work on a chapbook of poems, entitled “And There We Wept” (1978). It was published under her pen name which was inspired by her grandmother’s name, who was known for her sharp and snappy comments. She used the lower case to differentiate her name from her grandmother’s and also to imply that substance of the book matters more than the author.

During early 1980s, Bell Hooks taught at several higher education institutes, such as San Francisco State University and University of California. Besides, she continued to concentrate on her writing and

2011 - Wangari Maathai

Wangari Maathai , in full Wangari Muta Maathai (born April 1, 1940, Nyeri, Kenya—died September 25, 2011, Nairobi), Kenyan politician and environmental activist who was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize for Peace, becoming the first black African woman to win a Nobel Prize. Her work was often considered both unwelcome and subversive in her own country, where her outspokenness constituted stepping far outside traditional gender roles.

Maathai was educated in the United States at Mount St. Scholastica College (now Benedictine College; B.S. in biology, 1964) and at the University of Pittsburgh (M.S., 1966). In 1971 she received a Ph.D. at the University of Nairobi, effectively becoming the first woman in either East or Central Africa to earn a doctorate. She began teaching in the Department of Veterinary Anatomy at the University of Nairobi after graduation, and in 1977 she became chair of the department.

While working with the National Council of Women of Kenya, Maathai developed the idea that village women could improve the environment by planting trees to provide a fuel source and to slow the processes of deforestation and desertification. The Green Belt Movement, an organization she founded in 1977, had by the early 21st century planted some 30 million trees. Leaders of the Green Belt Movement established the Pan African Green Belt Network in 1986 in order to educate world leaders about conservation and environmental improvement. As a result of the movement’s activism, similar initiatives were begun in other African countries, including Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Zimbabwe.

In addition to her conservation work, Maathai was also an advocate for human rights, AIDS prevention, and women’s issues, and she frequently represented these concerns at meetings of the United Nations General Assembly. She was elected to Kenya’s National Assembly in 2002 with 98 percent of the vote, and in 2003 she was appointed assistant minister of environment, natural resources, and wildlife. When she won the Nobel Prize in 2004, the committee

1965 - Scottie Pippen

Scottie Pippen is a retired American basketball player who played along with Michael Jordan on the team Chicago Bulls. He was born on September 25, 1965, in Hamburg, Arkansas to Ethel and Preston Pippen. His mother and father stood at 6 feet and 6 feet 1 inch respectively, and Pippen was the youngest as well as the tallest of 12 children. He played on his high school basketball team at the point guard position where he led his team to state playoffs and won the all-conference honors. However, he was not offered any college scholarships as at that time he was only 6 feet 1 inch in height and weighed 150 lbs, which was not impressive by a basketball player’s standards.

Pippen enrolled at University of Central Arkansas and began playing college basketball. His skills impressed the coaches and a growth spurt led him to finally stand 6 feet 8 inches tall. He was drafted by the NBA during the 1987 season, and was initially chosen to play for the Seattle Supersonics. However, he was soon traded to the Chicago Bulls where he played alongside Michael Jordan. Several magazines and sports critics have ranked them as the greatest duo in basketball history.

His rookie season was modestly successful, and he made his debut versus the Philadelphia 76ers. The following season, however, he really came into his own and helped to turn the performance of his team around. Between 1991 and 1993, he led his team to three consecutive NBA victories. They won 6 NBA titles in all, with Pippen serving as a valuable member of the team and maintaining a stellar personal scoring record.

In 1992, he was selected as a member of the “Dream Team” that was chosen to represent USA at the Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. The team won Gold, a feat that was repeated at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta. Pippen’s career spanned 17 years, most of which he spent with the Bulls. He also briefly played for the Houston Rockets and Portland Trailblazers, but returned to the Bulls for his final NBA season in 2003-04.

Scottie Pippen has numerous awards and

2007 - Lecture 1 | African-American History (Stanford)

Lecture 1 of Clay Carsons Introduction to African-American History Course (HIST 166) concentrating on the Modern Freedom Struggle (Fall 2007). Topics in this lecture include a course introduction and W.E.B. Du Bois. Recorded September 25, 2007 at Stanford University.

This course introduces the viewer to African-American history, with particular emphasis on the political thought and protest movements of the period after 1930, focusing on selected individuals who have shaped and been shaped by modern African-American struggles for freedom and justice. Clayborne Carson is a professor in the History Department at Stanford University.

Complete playlist for the course:

http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list...

Course syllabus:

http://www.stanford.edu/~ccarson/Hist...

More on Clayborne Carson:

http://www.stanford.edu/~ccarson/

Stanford University channel on YouTube:

http://www.youtube.com/stanford

White Man tells the Ignored Truths of Black History - Duration: 20:57. Standin Tall 477,418 views

Henry Louis Gates: Genealogy and African American History - Duration: 58:35. University of California Television (UCTV) 72,258 views

Talk to Al Jazeera S2015 • E3 Talk to Al Jazeera - Akon: America was never built for black people - Duration: 25:01. Al Jazeera English 1,159,053 views

Elaine Brown: New Age Racism - Duration: 1:56:27. University of California Television (UCTV) 74,026 views

What They Dont Teach You in History Class 101 (FULL) - Hakim Bey - Duration: 2:06:01. brooklynmagi 651,711 views

Untold Black History [Full] - Duration: 1:07:21. Azeem El Bey 69,529 views

DNA HOAX. African Americans Aint African - Duration: 7:12. 1000gohead 2,108,926 views

The Black History Deception - Duration: 18:52. Shawn Lov 274,973 views

African Americans Aint African 2015 - Duration: 51:58. Tuskegee Virtual

1953 - Meeks, Gregory W. (1953- )

U.S. Congressman Gregory W. Meeks was born on September 25, 1953 in East Harlem, New York City. He was raised in a public housing project in East Harlem and received his Bachelor of Arts degree in History with a minor in Political Science from New York’s Adelphi University. He earned his Juris Doctorate in 1978 from Howard University School of Law, Washington, D.C.

After graduating, Meeks joined the Queens County District office, worked for the Office of the Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York, then for the State Investigation Commission, and eventually was appointed Supervising Judge of the New York State Worker’s Compensation System. He won his first public office when he was elected to the New York State Assembly where he served from 1992 to 1997.

Through a special election to fill the vacancy created by U.S. Representative Floyd H. Flake’s resignation, Meeks was elected as a Democrat to the One Hundred Fifth Congress in 1998 and currently represents New York’s Sixth District (part of the Queens Borough) in the House of Representatives. He is a member of the House Committee on Financial Services, a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and of the Congressional Black Caucus. During his tenure, Meeks has gained the reputation of what the New York Daily News called being “at the forefront of a generational shift in the city’s black political leadership.”

Meeks has a consistently liberal voting record, supporting abortion rights, gay marriage, and affirmative action. As Congress debated policy issues such as transportation, trade, and telecommunications, Meeks sought to ensure through his position as Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus’s New Market’s Initiative, that the voices of minority consumers were heard. He is an advocate for working class families, seeking to strengthen workplace protection laws and encouraging the creation of livable wage-paying jobs.

In 1999 he also helped create thousands of new jobs by helping a new airline, JetBlue, gain regulatory approval. For this