Shabaka was the brother of Piye, the Nubian
king who conquered Upper and Lower
Egypt reestablishing central authority in the then
politically unstable land. It should be noted that
the Egyptians did not treat these Nubians as
foreign invaders, as they would the later Persian, Assyrian and
Greek rulers, but rather as close allies.
Though Piye chose to govern from Kush,
Shabaka instead completed the total
reunification of Egypt and ruled from Waset. It
was during this time that the then ancient religous
doctrine, "The Memphite Theology," was copied
onto a granite stone.