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Ethiopia

National name: Ityop"iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik

Current government officials

Languages: Oromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Oromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 10.5% (2007 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, May 28

Religions: Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.5%, traditional 2.7%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)

Literacy rate: 39% (2007 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $118.2 billion; per capita $1,300. Real growth rate: 7%. Inflation: 8.4%. Unemployment: 17.5% (2012). Arable land: 13.19%. Agriculture: cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish. Labor force: 45.65 million (2013); agriculture and animal husbandry 85%, government and services 10%, industry and construction 5% (2009). Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement. Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower. Exports: $3.214 billion (2013 est.): coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds. Imports: $10.68 billion (2013 est.): food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles. Major trading partners: Belgium, Germany, Saudi Arabia, U.S., India, China (2012).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 797,500

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