A black mecca, in the United States, is a city to which African Americans, particularly professionals, are drawn to live, due to some or all of the following factors:
Atlanta has been referred to as a black mecca since the 1970s, while New York City"s Harlem was referred to as a black mecca during the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s and still is today.  
Atlanta has frequently been referred to as a black mecca since the 1970s.                
In 1971, Ebony magazine called Atlanta the "black mecca of the South", because "black folks have more, live better, accomplish more and deal with whites more effectively than they do anywhere else in the South—or North". Ebony illustrated as evidence of "mecca" status Atlanta"s high black home ownership, the Atlanta University Center (the nation"s largest consortium of historically black colleges (HBCUs)), Atlanta"s civil rights heritage, black business ownership, black-owned restaurants, the civic leadership of the black clergy, black fraternal organizations, and black political power in City Hall, while it also acknowledged the poverty which a large percentage of Atlanta"s black population endured.
In 1983, Atlanta magazine said that Atlanta"s reputation as a black mecca was "deserved because it is true" because "the metro area now has the highest proportion of middle-income African-Americans of any city in the country".
A 1997 Ebony magazine article illustrated Atlanta"s status as "the new mecca" (and the "land of milk and honey" for blacks) because a poll of the magazine"s 100 most influential African Americans voted Atlanta overall the best city for blacks, possessed the most employment opportunities for blacks, it was American"s "most diverse city", and was the city with the best schools and most affordable housing for blacks. A 2002 article in the same magazine reconfirmed Atlanta as "the new black mecca" and "the go-to city for blacks."
In 2009 the