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African-American Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement began decades before 19th century that resulted in the Emancipation Proclamation. Initially, abolition of slavery was not on Abraham Lincoln’s agenda list. However, his ever increasing reliance on black soldiers to punish the rebellious states rendered him to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. Previously the constitution protected slavery and allowed the importation of slaves until 1808. African American slaves were seen exclusion to the Declaration of Independence that renders equal right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. Only a handful of African Americans managed to stay out of slave system but only to be discriminated and segregated forcefully. The black slaves took it upon themselves to revolt against their inhuman treatment. Some rebelled violently while others resort to non-violent protests, legal complaints, charges, petitions addressed to the government officials and so on. This gradual progress to improve upon their status in society was what massive civil rights movements made of.

At first even white males with no property were not given the right to vote. Eventually, they were granted the right on the expense of black free slaves as they suffered the consequence. In the Southern State slave owners took serious notice of slave revolt incident of Nat Turner by putting a ban on anti-slavery campaigns and protests. The white Southerners went to the extent of disallowing slaves’ right to basic education. The ever increasing repression did not keep slaves from finding ways to escape slavery either by mutual agreement or running away. The Northern American states had a larger population of free African Americans who by that time were able to hold national conventions and meeting to address their problems and find a way toward racial advancement. Even some white good Samaritans joined the antislavery activism and founded American Anti-Slavery Society.

The abolition of slavery movement became even stronger when the former slave and revolutionary figure like