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(1894) William Saunders Scarborough, “The Ethics of the Hawaiian Question,”

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William Saunders Scarborough, born in 1852 in Macon, Georgia, the son of a free black father and an enslaved mother eventually became the first graduate of Atlanta University and at 23 a professor of Latin and Greek at Wilberforce University in Ohio. In 1908 he was appointed president of Wilberforce and served until 1920 while continuing his scholarly activities to the field of linguistics and writing and speaking on race relations. In March 1894, Scarborough announced his opposition to the annexation of Hawaii in a speech delivered to students, faculty, and guests at Wilberforce University.  The text of the speech, which was originally printed in the Christian Recorder, appears below. 

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