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1991 - Dr. Mary Schmidt Campbell, art historian, becomes dean of New York University's

Dr. Mary Schmidt Campbell, art historian, becomes dean of New York University's Tisch School of the Arts.
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1977 - Soccer great Pele retires.

Soccer great Pele retires.
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1966 - Black Panther party founded in Oakland (Calif.) by

Black Panther party founded in Oakland (Calif.) by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.
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1962 - Some twelve thousand federal soldiers restored

Some twelve thousand federal soldiers restored order on the University of Mississippi campus. James H. Meredith, escorted by federal marshals, registered at the University of Mississippi. Edwin A. Walker, former major general in the U.S. Army, was arrested and charged with inciting insurrection and seditious conspiracy. Walker, who led federal troops during the Little Rock integration crisis, had call for "Volunteers" to oppose federal forces in Mississippi. Witnesses said he led students in charges against federal marshals during the campus riot.
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1962 - James Meredith starts school. He is the first Black student at University of Mi

James Meredith starts school. He is the first Black student at University of Mississippi... after 3000 federal troops quelled riots over his admission, 1962
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1960 - Nigeria proclaimed independent

Nigeria proclaimed independent.
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1952 - First Black Pitcher to Win a World Series Game

Joe Black became the first black pitcher to win a World Series game. The Dodgers defeated the New York Yankees 4-2. Black was also the 1952 Rookie of the Year.
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1952 - On October 1, 1952, Juanita James was born. She is a writer, who has been coined

On October 1, 1952, Juanita James was born. She is a writer, who has been coined, "the gatekeeper of prose."
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1951 - Twenty-fourth Infantry Regiment, last of all-Black

Twenty-fourth Infantry Regiment, last of all-Black units military units authorized by Congress in 1866, deactivated in Korea.
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1948 - California Supreme Court voided state statue

California Supreme Court voided state statue banning interracial marriages. Edward Dudley named ambassador to Liberia. Spingarn Medal Presented to Channing H. Tobias for his 'consistent role as a defender of fundamental American liberties."
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1945 - Donnie Hathaway, singer, born

Donnie Hathaway, singer, born
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1943 - On October 1, 1943, Willie L. Williams was born, one of seven children, in Phila

On October 1, 1943, Willie L. Williams was born, one of seven children, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He became a Los Angeles Police Chief. He is the first Black man to head the Los Angeles police force.
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1937 - Pullman Company formally recognized the

Pullman Company formally recognized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Spingarn Medal awarded to Walter White, NAACP secretary, for his leadership and work in the anti-lynching movement.
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1935 - Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

The first official bargaining agent for black workers was the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. This was the first major nationwide black union founded by A. Phillip Randolph.
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1886 - Kentucky State College is founded in Frankfort, KY.

Kentucky State College is founded in Frankfort, KY.
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1872 - Morgan State College was founded in Maryland, 1872

Morgan State College was founded in Maryland, 1872
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1868 - John Mercer Langston (1829-97).

In October, 1868, John Mercer Langston founded and organized the Law Department of Howard University, the first in a black school. He headed the department when classes formally began on January 6, 1869, and was its dean from 1870 to 1873. From 1873 to 1875 he was vice-president and acting president of the university.
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1851 - Black and white abolitionists smashed into a

Black and white abolitionists smashed into a courtroom at Syracuse, N.Y., and rescued a fugitive slave. Abolitionist William C. Nell published Services of Colored Americans in the Wars of 1776 and 1812, the first extended work on the history of American Blacks. Revised edition of the book was published in 1855 with new title, The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution.
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1841 - On October 1, 1841, Fannie M. Richards was born. She became an educator and civi

On October 1, 1841, Fannie M. Richards was born. She became an educator and civil rights activist.
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